ROSE WINE

First of all Rosé wine is not a blending of red and white wine (abstraction made of the exceptional case of Champagne Rose).

Rosé wine is made from red grape varieties
. And, nowadays, many winemakers mix a certain amount of white grapes with the red.

The elaboration of rosé wine is delicate. It is probably why the amateur is sometimes disappointed by the quality of a rosé. Particularity, European rosé is "dry". On the contrary, American rosé is sweet and similar to white wine.

There are at least three methods of making rosé wine:

Gray or pale rosé wine

The grapes are pressed as soon as they arrive in the cellar. It allows a quicker diffusion of the color in the must.

The juice is left a very short time in contact with the skin. No more than a few hours! That way the must is delicately colored.

Rosé wine is then made in the same way as a white wines
, fermentation of the must cleared of solid elements with out any more maceration. The winemaker obtains a gray or pale rosé wine (for Gris de Bourgogne or Rosé de Loire).


Colored pink wine

To obtain a colored pink wine the grapes are put in the fermentation tank after having been crushed. The juice quickly enriches itself in alcohol with the temperature going up (in the tank).

At the contact of the solid element the color quickly diffuses. The winemaker chooses the intensity of the color by controlling a sample every hour. When he is satisfied he devattes.

The wine is evacuated in another tank to finish fermenting. The must left in the original tank is evacuated and not used for rosé any more.


The bleeding

To obtain an even more intense color, once an hour, during the initial fermentation the winemaker takes out of the tank a certain amount of juice.

When the color is satisfying, the wine making process goes on as for a white wine. Rosé de Provence are obtain by that method.

Anjou wines are made around the city of Angers. They were very popular as soon as in the 6th century. During the 13th and 14th centuries, Anjou was one of the most popular wines in England. And then in Holland and Belgium.

Nowadays Anjou is famous for the rosé d'Anjou. Rose Wines makes about half of the production in Anjou. However we should recommend the white wine from Anjou. New techniques and aging in oak barrel have improved the wine. Red wine from Anjou Villages deserve as well a special note

Anjou wine information :

Name:

Appellation Anjou Rouge Controlée
Appellation Anjou Gamay Controlée
Appellation Anjou Villages Controlée
Appellation Cabernet d'Anjou Controlée
Appellation Rosé d'Anjou Controlée
Appellation Anjou Blanc Controlée
Appellation Anjou Mousseux Controlée

Location:

Covers Maine et Loire department, west of Touraine

Places:Beaulieu sur Layon, Thouarcé, Martigné Briand, Saint Lambert du Lattay, La Pommeraye, Faye d'Anjou, Rochefort sur Loire, Rablay sur Layon, Brissac Quincé
Soil:Various
Size:9,000 ha (22,200 acres)
Production:

55 million bottles

Grapes:

Rosé and red:
Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Grolleau
White:
Chenin blanc, Sauvignon, Chardonnay

Type of wines:Sweet rosé
Dry white wine
Light and medium body red wine
Age:Red: 2 to 6 years
White: 1 to 3 years
Rosé: now to 2 years
Vintages:
(recommended)
Aromas:

Red:
Black currant and b
lack fruits
Red fruits

White:
White flowers
Apricot
Crystallized fruit

Food:

Red:
Red meat

White:
Fish

Rosé:
Cold meat

Chinon wine information :

Chinon is on the left bank of the Loire river and along the Vienne river, at the heart of the Loire Valley.

Chinon wine area is the birthplace of Rabelais, one of the greatest french writer. He was a strong Chinon wine lover. He once owned Clos de l'Echo, a famous local winery.

Chinon produces mostly red wine. They are based on Cabernet Franc grape variety, known as Breton in the region.

Chinon is quite similar to Bourgoeil. Chinon is maybe a little bit lighter. Chinon is a fresh and supple red wine with a distinguished violet aroma.

There is also an interesting dry and elegant rosé wine but quite difficult to find.

Name:

Appellation Chinon Controlée

Location:

South West of Tours, along the Vienne river

Places:18 villages: Anché, Avoine, Avon-les Roches, Beaumont-en- Véron, Chinon, Cravant-les-Coteaux, Crouzilles, Huismes, l'Ile Bouchard, Ligré, Marçay, Panzoult, Rivière, La Roche Clermault, Saint-Benoit, Savigny-en-Véron, Sazilly, Tavant, Theneuil
Soil:Limestone, gravels
Size:2,000 ha (5,000 acres)
Production:6 million bottles
Grapes:

95 % Cabernet Franc
Cabernet Sauvignon

Type of wines:Light and fresh red wine
Also fruity rosé and dry white wine
Age:Red: up to 8 years
Vintages:
(recommended)
Aromas:

Red fruits
Violets

Food:

Soup
Omelet
Ham
Rabbit
BBQ

Anjou wines are made around the city of Angers. They were very popular as soon as in the 6th century. During the 13th and 14th centuries, Anjou was one of the most popular wines in England. And then in Holland and Belgium.

Nowadays Anjou is famous for the rosé d'Anjou. Rose wines makes about half of the production in Anjou. However we should recommend the white wine from Anjou. New techniques and aging in oak barrel have improved the wine. Red wine from Anjou Villages deserve as well a special note


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